When you buy stocks, you are buying a small part of company. Twenty years ago, stocks were primarily bought with the advice of a stockbroker. Nowadays, anyone with a computer can buy or sell stocks with brokerage firm. If you are new to buying stocks, you may feel overwhelmed. When you buy stock, you are purchasing ownership in the company that issues the security. As an owner, you have certain rights. For example, a stock investor has the right to receive a dividend if the company generates sufficient earnings. Investors also have the potential to sell their shares of stock for a gain.